Java Ninja Chronicles By Norris Shelton

Things I learned in the pursuit of code

In the previous blog entry titled Turning Spring MVC exceptions into status codes with messages, I mapped exceptions into HTTP status codes.

Test Controller

In this blog we will test those and verify that everything is working correctly. I started with a test controller that I would use to generate the exceptions and the message. I created controller methods that would generate consistent results:

  • ResourceException with an HTTP 400 and a message
  • ResourceException with an HTTP 404 and a message
  • RuntimeException without any developer customization
  • Exception with a message

I wanted to ensure that I had consistent behavior and I was able to pull information from the exception that would be relevant to the client/consumer, but I also wanted to ensure that I never returned a stacktrace to the outside world.

package com.javaninja.cam.spring;


import com.javaninja.cam.dto.Prospect;
import com.javaninja.cam.exception.ResourceException;

import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;


@RestController
public class TestController {

    @RequestMapping(value = "/test/resourceException400")
    public Prospect getResourceException400() {
        throw new ResourceException(HttpStatus.BAD_REQUEST, "Test Bad Request Exception message");
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/test/resourceException404")
    public Prospect getResourceException404() {
        throw new ResourceException(HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND, "Test Not Found Exception message");
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/test/runtimeException")
    public int getRuntimeException() {
        return Integer.parseInt("x");
    }

    @RequestMapping(value = "/test/exception")
    public int getException() throws Exception {
        throw new Exception("Test Exception message");
    }
}

Junit Test Class

Once that was written, it was fairly easy to test the results. I used MockMVC with Spring Test to implement my test class. As part of this test, I wanted to ensure that the custom ResourceException that I created was handled correctly. I also wanted to ensure that I could handle RuntimeExceptions that happened during regular program execution could be handled. The last thing I wanted to verify was that developer created and thrown exceptions could be handled and that the message that they were created with was outputted correctly. I checked the HTTP status and the content for each type of exception.

package com.javaninja.cam.spring;


import com.javaninja.cam.JunitTestUtility;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.BeforeClass;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;
import org.springframework.test.context.web.WebAppConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.setup.MockMvcBuilders;
import org.springframework.web.context.WebApplicationContext;

import static org.junit.Assert.fail;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.request.MockMvcRequestBuilders.get;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultHandlers.print;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.content;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.status;


/**
 * @author norris.shelton
 */
@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration("classpath:applicationContext-test.xml")
@WebAppConfiguration
public class TestCamControllerAdvice {

    @Autowired
    private WebApplicationContext wac;

    private MockMvc mockMvc;

    /**
     * Needed because we have some legacy code that intereactes directly with the context.  This is NOT normal and 
     * will be removed as the project is modernized. 
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @BeforeClass
    public static void createMockContext() throws Exception {
        JunitTestUtility.setup();
    }

    @Before
    public void setup() {
        mockMvc = MockMvcBuilders.webAppContextSetup(wac).build();
    }

    /**
     * Tests the custom ResourceException and verifies that it returns a HTTP 400 with the expected message.
     */
    @Test
    public void testResourceException400() {
        try {
            mockMvc.perform(get("/test/resourceException400"))
                   .andExpect(status().isBadRequest())
                   .andExpect(content().string("Test Bad Request Exception message"))
                   .andDo(print());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            fail(e.toString());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests the custom ResourceException and verifies that it returns a HTTP 404 with the expected message.
     */
    @Test
    public void testResourceException404() {
        try {
            mockMvc.perform(get("/test/resourceException404"))
                   .andExpect(status().isNotFound())
                   .andExpect(content().string("Test Not Found Exception message"))
                   .andDo(print());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            fail(e.toString());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests that a RuntimeException is received and that it returns the expected message.
     */
    @Test
    public void testRuntimeException() {
        try {
            mockMvc.perform(get("/test/runtimeException"))
                   .andExpect(status().isInternalServerError())
                   .andExpect(content().string("java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: \"x\""))
                   .andDo(print());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            fail(e.toString());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Tests that an Exception is received and that it returns the expected message.
     */
    @Test
    public void testException() {
        try {
            mockMvc.perform(get("/test/exception"))
                   .andExpect(status().isInternalServerError())
                   .andExpect(content().string("Test Exception message"))
                   .andDo(print());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            fail(e.toString());
        }
    }
}

MockMVC Print Output

For readability, I also displayed the full MockMVC print output. The output makes it very clear that I received the anticipated information and nothing else. The example output is below:

com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestCamControllerAdvice

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = GET
      Request URI = /test/exception
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController
           Method = public int com.twinspires.cam.spring.TestController.getException() throws java.lang.Exception

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = java.lang.Exception

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 500
    Error message = null
          Headers = {Content-Type=, Content-Length=[22]}
     Content type = text/plain;charset=ISO-8859-1
             Body = Test Exception message
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = null
          Cookies = []

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = GET
      Request URI = /test/resourceException400
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController
           Method = public com.javaninja.cam.dto.Prospect com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController.getResourceException400()

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.exception.ResourceException

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 400
    Error message = null
          Headers = {Content-Type=, Content-Length=[34]}
     Content type = text/plain;charset=ISO-8859-1
             Body = Test Bad Request Exception message
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = null
          Cookies = []

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = GET
      Request URI = /test/resourceException404
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController
           Method = public com.javaninja.cam.dto.Prospect com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController.getResourceException404()

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.exception.ResourceException

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 404
    Error message = null
          Headers = {Content-Type=, Content-Length=[32]}
     Content type = text/plain;charset=ISO-8859-1
             Body = Test Not Found Exception message
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = null
          Cookies = []

MockHttpServletRequest:
      HTTP Method = GET
      Request URI = /test/runtimeException
       Parameters = {}
          Headers = {}

Handler:
             Type = com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController
           Method = public int com.javaninja.cam.spring.TestController.getRuntimeException()

Async:
    Async started = false
     Async result = null

Resolved Exception:
             Type = java.lang.NumberFormatException

ModelAndView:
        View name = null
             View = null
            Model = null

FlashMap:
       Attributes = null

MockHttpServletResponse:
           Status = 500
    Error message = null
          Headers = {Content-Type=, Content-Length=[54]}
     Content type = text/plain;charset=ISO-8859-1
             Body = java.lang.NumberFormatException: For input string: "x"
    Forwarded URL = null
   Redirected URL = null
          Cookies = []

Process finished with exit code 0

There you have it. A full Junit/MockMVC test harness that can be used to determine if a SpringMVC controller is returning the correct information when you are trying to map Exceptions into HTTP status codes, along with messages that can be returned with the client consumer.

November 16th, 2016

Posted In: Java, java ninja, Javaninja, JUnit, MockMVC, Spring, Spring MVC, Test Driven Development

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How do you mock a Springframework security principal for testing spring MVC controllers?

  1. Create a spring security principal
  2. Create a spring authentication
  3. Add the spring security authentication to the security context

The last step should not be needed because MockMVC has a method to set the principal (line 16). However, we had an annotation that used the security principal to retrieve the username that was then used to retrieve another object. We couldn’t find the value there. We set the spring security authentication manually via the spring security context (line 19).

public class TestActivityController {
    @Autowired
    private WebApplicationContext wac;

    private MockMvc mockMvc;

    @Before
    public void setup() {
        mockMvc = MockMvcBuilders.webAppContextSetup(wac).build();
    }

    @Test
    public void testInitialDisplay() throws Exception {
        User user = new User("screen011","", AuthorityUtils.createAuthorityList("ROLE_PATRON"));
        TestingAuthenticationToken testingAuthenticationToken = new TestingAuthenticationToken(user,null);
        SecurityContextHolder.getContext().setAuthentication(testingAuthenticationToken);

        mockMvc.perform(post("/activity/initial")
                //.principal(testingAuthenticationToken))
                .andExpect(status().isOk())
                .andDo(print());
    }
}

February 27th, 2014

Posted In: Java, MockMVC, Spring, Spring MVC, Spring Security

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

2 Comments

Springframework MVC 3.2 introduced the ability to test controllers via MockMVC. In this example, we will test a controller that returns JSON via @ResponseBody.

Here are the dependencies that you will need.

            <!-- This is usually included as part of your normal dependencies.  If not, include this way -->
            <dependency>
                <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
                <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
                <version>3.1.0</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
                <version>${spring.version}</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
                <artifactId>mockito-core</artifactId>
                <version>1.9.5</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
                <artifactId>json-path</artifactId>
                <version>${jsonpath.version}</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
                <artifactId>json-path-assert</artifactId>
                <version>${jsonpath.version}</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>junit</groupId>
                <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
                <version>4.11</version>
                <scope>test</scope>
            </dependency>

This is an example of the spring context.

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc      http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
                           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context  http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <context:component-scan base-package="com.cdi.igs.core.spring.web"/>

</beans>

The basic test class needs to have the following annotations, properties and setup defined. Please note the static imports. You want to use these from the mock mvc request builders.

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;
import org.springframework.test.context.web.WebAppConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc;
import org.springframework.test.web.servlet.setup.MockMvcBuilders;
import org.springframework.web.context.WebApplicationContext;

import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.*;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.request.MockMvcRequestBuilders.post;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultHandlers.print;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.jsonPath;
import static org.springframework.test.web.servlet.result.MockMvcResultMatchers.status;


@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@WebAppConfiguration
@ContextConfiguration
public class TestGlobalControllerExceptionHandler {

    @Autowired
    private WebApplicationContext wac;

    private MockMvc mockMvc;

    @Before
    public void setup() {
        mockMvc = MockMvcBuilders.webAppContextSetup(wac).build();
    }
//...
}

This is an example test method that calls a spring controller that returns a string. We are creating an empty model object that we convert to JSON. We tell the method that we are calling that we are sending JSON, because the method that we are calling expects to be sent a JSON object. We get validation errors in this case, that we compare with our expected results. The JSON response that we get back from the call to the controller is “{“fieldErrors”:[{“message”:”may not be null”},{“message”:”may not be null”}]}

    @Test
    public void testMyMethod() throws Exception {
        mockMvc.perform(post("/mymethod")
                        .content(new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(new TargetExceptionModel()))
                        .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
               .andExpect(status().isBadRequest())
        .andExpect(jsonPath("$.fieldErrors", hasSize(2)))
        .andExpect(jsonPath("$.fieldErrors[*].message", contains("may not be null", "may not be null")))
        .andDo(print());
    }

Here is an example of a controller test method that users other types of matchers. Example data is:

{"status":"SUCCESS","message":null,"previousPage":null,"nextPage":"login/privacy_policy","errors":null,"exception":null,"idSetting":"pri","setting":"privacy-Starfish","value":"test","settingText":"lots and lots of text","date":"01-27-2014"}
    @Test
    public void testGetPrivacyByClientSuccess() throws Exception {
        mockMvc.perform(get("/privacy/pri"))
                .andExpect(status().isOk())
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.idSetting", containsString("pri")))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.setting", containsString("privacy-Starfish")))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.settingText", notNullValue()))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.value", containsString("test")))
                .andExpect(jsonPath("$.exception", nullValue()))
                .andDo(print());
    }

I needed to write a method that passed an object that contained an exception object back to the calling method. The data being sent back was:

{"status":"ERROR","message":null,"previousPage":null,"nextPage":null,"errors":null,"exception":{"cause":null,"stackTrace":[{"methodName":"copyProperties","fileName":"PropertyUtilsBean.java","lineNumber":276,"className":"org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtilsBean","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"copyProperties","fileName":"PropertyUtils.java","lineNumber":219,"className":"org.apache.commons.beanutils.PropertyUtils","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"getPrivacy","fileName":"LoginService.java","lineNumber":193,"className":"com.cdi.igs.core.login.LoginService","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"getPrivacyByClient","fileName":"LoginController.java","lineNumber":94,"className":"com.cdi.igs.services.LoginController","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke0","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":-2,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":true},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":57,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":43,"className":"sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"Method.java","lineNumber":606,"className":"java.lang.reflect.Method","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"InvocableHandlerMethod.java","lineNumber":214,"className":"org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invokeForRequest","fileName":"InvocableHandlerMethod.java","lineNumber":132,"className":"org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invokeAndHandle","fileName":"ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java","lineNumber":104,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invokeHandleMethod","fileName":"RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java","lineNumber":749,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"handleInternal","fileName":"RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java","lineNumber":690,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"handle","fileName":"AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java","lineNumber":83,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"doDispatch","fileName":"DispatcherServlet.java","lineNumber":945,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"doService","fileName":"DispatcherServlet.java","lineNumber":876,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"processRequest","fileName":"FrameworkServlet.java","lineNumber":961,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"doGet","fileName":"FrameworkServlet.java","lineNumber":852,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"service","fileName":"HttpServlet.java","lineNumber":687,"className":"javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"service","fileName":"FrameworkServlet.java","lineNumber":837,"className":"org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"service","fileName":"TestDispatcherServlet.java","lineNumber":64,"className":"org.springframework.test.web.servlet.TestDispatcherServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"service","fileName":"HttpServlet.java","lineNumber":790,"className":"javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"doFilter","fileName":"MockFilterChain.java","lineNumber":170,"className":"org.springframework.mock.web.MockFilterChain$ServletFilterProxy","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"doFilter","fileName":"MockFilterChain.java","lineNumber":137,"className":"org.springframework.mock.web.MockFilterChain","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"perform","fileName":"MockMvc.java","lineNumber":141,"className":"org.springframework.test.web.servlet.MockMvc","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"testGetPrivacyByClientFail","fileName":"TestLoginController.java","lineNumber":96,"className":"com.cdi.igs.services.TestLoginController","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke0","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":-2,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":true},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":57,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":43,"className":"sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"Method.java","lineNumber":606,"className":"java.lang.reflect.Method","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"runReflectiveCall","fileName":"FrameworkMethod.java","lineNumber":47,"className":"org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"run","fileName":"ReflectiveCallable.java","lineNumber":12,"className":"org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invokeExplosively","fileName":"FrameworkMethod.java","lineNumber":44,"className":"org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"InvokeMethod.java","lineNumber":17,"className":"org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"RunBefores.java","lineNumber":26,"className":"org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java","lineNumber":74,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java","lineNumber":83,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"SpringRepeat.java","lineNumber":72,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"runChild","fileName":"SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java","lineNumber":232,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"runChild","fileName":"SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java","lineNumber":89,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"run","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":238,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"schedule","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":63,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"runChildren","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":236,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"access$000","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":53,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":229,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java","lineNumber":61,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"evaluate","fileName":"RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java","lineNumber":71,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"run","fileName":"ParentRunner.java","lineNumber":309,"className":"org.junit.runners.ParentRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"run","fileName":"SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java","lineNumber":175,"className":"org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"run","fileName":"JUnitCore.java","lineNumber":160,"className":"org.junit.runner.JUnitCore","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"startRunnerWithArgs","fileName":"JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java","lineNumber":74,"className":"com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"prepareStreamsAndStart","fileName":"JUnitStarter.java","lineNumber":211,"className":"com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"main","fileName":"JUnitStarter.java","lineNumber":67,"className":"com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.JUnitStarter","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke0","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":-2,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":true},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":57,"className":"sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java","lineNumber":43,"className":"sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"invoke","fileName":"Method.java","lineNumber":606,"className":"java.lang.reflect.Method","nativeMethod":false},{"methodName":"main","fileName":"AppMain.java","lineNumber":120,"className":"com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain","nativeMethod":false}],"message":"No origin bean specified","localizedMessage":"No origin bean specified","suppressed":[]},"idSetting":"Starfish1","setting":null,"value":null,"settingText":null,"date":null}
    @Test
    public void testGetPrivacyByClientFail() throws Exception {
        mockMvc.perform(get("/privacy/Starfish1"))
               .andExpect(status().isOk())
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.idSetting", containsString("Starfish1")))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.setting", nullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.settingText", nullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.value", nullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.exception.cause", nullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.exception.stackTrace", notNullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.exception.stackTrace[0].methodName", notNullValue()))
               .andDo(print());
    }

To get the content and store it in a variable outside the test, add .andReturn() to the end of the perform and store the result in a MvcResult, then get the content.

        MvcResult result = mockMvc.perform(post("/login")
                                               .content(
                                                   "{"userName":"screen011","password":"Jason3080!"," +
                                                   ""remoteAddress":"0.0" +
                                                   ".0.0"}"
                                                       )
                                               .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON))
               .andExpect(status().isOk())
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.exception", nullValue()))
               .andExpect(jsonPath("$.errors", hasSize(0)))
               .andExpect((jsonPath("$.ssoToken", notNullValue())))
               .andDo(print())
               .andReturn();
        String content = result.getResponse().getContentAsString();

Then if you need to extract a value out of the JSON, you can use JsonPath out of jayway like

        String content = result.getResponse().getContentAsString();

        assertNotNull(content);
        String ssoToken = JsonPath.read(content, "$.ssoToken");
        assertNotNull(ssoToken);

February 27th, 2014

Posted In: Java, MockMVC, Spring, Spring MVC

Tags: , , , , , , ,

2 Comments

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