Java Ninja Chronicles By Norris Shelton

Things I learned in the pursuit of code

In a previous blog entry, I wrote about hot to Get the active Springframework profiles. In this one, I had the need to set the profile for a test. Keep in mind, I am not setting which profile the test should be included in, but which profile should be activated when the test runs.

We had the dataSources defined in a local profile and a default profile. In this case, I needed the test to use the local profile. It turned out to be pretty easy. All I had to do was annotate the test class with @ActiveProfiles. The value inside the annotation can contain multiple profiles, separated by commas.

public class EventServiceTest {

August 23rd, 2017

Posted In: Spring

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In a previous blog, I talked about Testing Springframework MVC Rest controllers with MockMVC. What I didn’t know is that you can use the MockMVC framework to also interrogate the Request object.

In this case, we have an Interceptor that is modifying the request by modifying an object’s property and adding that object to the request as a request attribute. To test this, we had to be able to see the value of the request attribute object after the request is done. Luckily MockMVC provides us the ability to do just that.

To accomplish this, I had to utilize the RequestResultMatchers via MockMvcResultMatchers.request() method to get a reference to the request object. Once I had the request object, I was able to get the object being stored as a request attribute by calling the attribute() method . Once I had the object, I was able to access it’s properties by calling hasProperty on it. From there on, I was able to use matchers that I was used to using.

    public void testExtractStateFromCookie() {

        try {
                                .param("param1", "value1")
                                .param("param2", "value2")
                                .param("param3", "value3")
                                .cookie(new Cookie("STATE", "kY")))
                   .andExpect(request().attribute("USER_INFO", hasProperty("state", equalToIgnoringCase("ky"))));
        } catch (Exception e) {

Along the way, I did use some new Matchers. They are:

  • org.hamcrest.text.IsEqualIgnoringCase.equalToIgnoringCase() – This provides functionality similar to is(), but ignores the case of the text.
  • org.hamcrest.core.IsNull.nullValue – This allows for easy comparison to null
  • IsEqualIgnoringWhiteSpace.equalToIgnoringWhiteSpace() – All leading and trailing whitespace is ignored. Any duplicate white spaces within the string are considered single spaces.
  • IsEmptyString.isEmptyOrNullString() – compares against empty string or null (e.g. StringUtils.isBlank()).

August 15th, 2017

Posted In: hamcrest, MockMVC

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We had a need to know who was calling various web services. That is fairly easy to do when you have a standard URL. One solution is to simply grep your code repository for the URL (e.g. /my/service/). This becomes much more difficult when there is a path variable involved. An example URL with path variables is

@RequestMapping(value = "/mvc/customer/getState/{account}/more/url", method = RequestMethod.GET)

Lots of times, the URL is composed of multiple calls. A common way that this code will be found is below:

String url = String.format("/mvc/customer/getState/%s/more/url", accountNumber);
return restTemplate.getForObject(url, String.class);

This works, but makes it very difficult to determine who uses this web service call. You can grep for /mvc/customer/getState/ and that will work just fine if there aren’t multiple calls that use that same part of the URL in them. If there are other similar URLs, then effort will have to be expended to determine which are true hits and which are false hits.

There is another way to solve this problem if you are using the Spring’s RestTemplate. The RestTemplate can use the exact same URL pattern that is used by the web service URL pattern. This is accomplished by supplying a Map of data containing the path variable name and it’s corresponding value. An example is below:

Map<String, Object> params = new HashMap<>();
params.put("account", accountNumber);
return restTemplate.getForObject("/mvc/customer/getState/{account}/more/url", String.class, params);

August 5th, 2017

Posted In: Spring, Spring MVC, Spring RestTemplate

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